Benzene is derived from crude oil and is one of the basic chemical compounds of petroleum chemistry.
It is industrially important and comes in different shapes and sizes.
Benzene is used in a wide range of fields such as those listed below:
Synthetic Resin, Rubber
Styrene is made from benzene and ethylene.
It becomes a synthetic resin and synthetic rubber through polymerization with other chemical substances.
After taking steps to create cyclohexane and caprolactam through chemical reactions using benzene, nylon fiber may be created after polymerization.
Another way to make nylon fiber is to create hexamethylene diamine from cyclohexanone, then react it with adipic acid to form nylon fiber.
The first step in making phenol is to produce cumene by the alkylation of benzene and propylene.
By oxidizing cumene, it will become phenol.
Phenol is a material used to make synthetic resins, paints, and agricultural chemicals.
It is used independently as a disinfectant as well.
By oxidizing benzene, Maleic acid may be formed.
Maleic acid is used to make synthetic resins and resin modifiers, such as non-relaxed polyester resin.
Benzene was in the past used as a powerful organic solvent, mainly for household goods such as removing grease from metal parts, paint stripping, stain removal, and in rubber cement.
However after the toxicity of benzene became apparent, benzene is no longer used in these products.